Big Island maps to help you become more familiar with the diversity.
( To view a larger version of the map just click on the images)
Big Island Topographic Map (by Kmusser Wikimedia Commons)
The Big Island is made up of five volcanoes. Mauna Kea (13,803′) which is the tallest mountain in the world when measured from its base, and Mauna Loa (13,678′) which is the largest mountain in the world. Kilauea is the most active volcanos in the world, and making the island continuously bigger.
The two massive mountains cause greener windward and drier leeward.
All this adds up to dynamic geographic location.
Average Annual Temperature (Souce: NOAA National Cliatic Data Center)
Temperatures are higher at coastal areas, as the elevation increase the temperature decreases.
45℉ = 7.2℃
55℉ = 12.7℃
65℉ = 18.3℃
75℉ = 23.8℃
Average Annural Rainfall (Souce: NOAA National Cliatic Data Center)
Some areas are extremely dry that seems like nothing grow there, while some area get a lot of rainfall mostly at night and early morning, makes it paradise for anything that grows.
Lava Flow Hazard Zone (USGS)